Eda Heinla is Associate Professor in the Department of Arts Therapies, in the Institute of Fine Arts at Tallinn University. She holds a university diploma from Tallinn Polytechnical Institute, a university Diploma in Psychology from Tartu State University, an MSc in Educational Sciences on Pupils' Creativity and its Correlation with IQ, Progress at School and Plans to Continue Studies. In 2002, she was awarded a PhD in Social Sciences.
Her thesis concerned The Relation of the Child's Creative Thinking to Social and Behavioural Factors. Her career as a university lecturer or researcher spans 25 years. Her main fields of research include: the child's creative thinking, the school environment and creativity, and family sociology.
The central question of the current article concerns students' opinions on the manifestation of creativity in post-socialist Estonian society during the last decade. Creativity is widely defined as the production of relevant (socially and ethically acceptable) and effective novelty (i.e. different from the existing or completely new) in all areas of human activity (Cropley, 2011).
Approaches defining creativity as inter-related co-constructs of individual and social environments are taken as the theoretical basis of this paper. The qualitative research reported in this article focuses on students' perceptions of the positive and negative changes in the manifestation of creativity in Estonian society that have taken place in the last decade. The current study is concerned with implicit theories of creativity, as viewed by laypeople (students). It is based on students' essays (n=57) on the topic 'Manifestation of Creativity in Estonian society during the last decade'. Results are analysed using content analysis.
Aili Vahtrapuu PhD, is a sculptor and scientist living in Tallinn, Estonia, and Paris, France. She is currently Professor of Visual Art at Tallinn University. She studied art in Estonia and France, and was awarded her PhD by the Sorbonne1 University in 2007. Her thesis was on: New ways of utilising sound forms to revive the relationship between monumental art and architecture in urban spaces. She focused on subconscious, audio-visual perceptions and the customary preference of these in the urban environment.
Aili is an accomplished artist with a strong background in contemporary sculpture and graphic arts. In recent years, as demonstrated by the title of her thesis, she has concentrated on art in urban spaces, with particular emphasis on aural sculpture, as well as the relationship between sound and three-dimensional forms.